As reported in Safety + Health Magazine in their September issue :
For the ninth consecutive year, Fall Protection – General Requirements is OSHA’s most frequently cited standard, the agency and Safety+Health announced Tuesday at the National Safety Council 2019 Congress & Expo.
The rest of the preliminary list of OSHA’s Top 10 violations for fiscal year 2019 also remained largely unchanged from FY 2018, with only one minor adjustment. Lockout/Tagout, which ranked fifth in FY 2018, climbed one spot to No. 4, trading places with Respiratory Protection.
Patrick Kapust, deputy director of OSHA’s Directorate of Enforcement Programs, presented the list, based on OSHA Information System data from Oct. 1 to Aug. 15. Kevin Druley, associate editor for S+H, moderated the session that took place in the NSC Learning Lab on the Expo Floor.
“Look at your own workplace and see where you can find solutions,” Kapust said during the presentation. “These are common violations. They’ve been around for a while. The answers are out there.”
The full list:
- Fall Protection – General Requirements (1926.501): 6,010 violations
- Hazard Communication (1910.1200): 3,671
- Scaffolding (1926.451): 2,813
- Lockout/Tagout (1910.147): 2,606
- Respiratory Protection (1910.134): 2,450
- Ladders (1926.1053): 2,345
- Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178): 2,093
- Fall Protection – Training Requirements (1926.503): 1,773
- Machine Guarding (1910.212): 1,743
- Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment – Eye and Face Protection (1926.102): 1,411
“Far too many preventable injuries and deaths occur on the job,” NSC President and CEO Lorraine M. Martin said in a Sept. 10 press release. “The OSHA Top 10 list is a helpful guide for understanding just how adept America’s businesses are in complying with the basic rules of workplace safety. This list should serve as a challenge for us to do better as a nation and expect more from employers. It should also serve as a catalyst for individual employees to recommit to safety.”
3M Announces Recall
Stop Use & Recall Notice IMMEDIATE ACTION REQUIRED 3M™ DBI-SALA® Twin-Leg Nano-Lok™ edge and Twin-Leg Nano-Lok™ Wrap Back Self-Retracting Lifelines
3M Fall Protection announces an immediate stop use and product recall of the 3M™ DBI-SALA® Twin-Leg Nano-Lok™ edge and the Twin-Leg Nano-Lok™ Wrap Back Self-Retracting Lifeline. These Twin-Leg Nano-Loks are used as part of a personal fall protection system that connects two self-retracting lifelines/devices (SRLs/SRDs) directly under the dorsal D-ring of a worker’s harness. The Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge is intended to be anchored at foot-level, is designed for sharp and/or leading edge applications and incorporates an energy absorber. The Twin-Leg Nano-Lok Wrap Back is intended for wrapping around an anchor and incorporates a similar energy absorber. 3M has determined that in a fall and under certain conditions, the energy absorber of these devices may not properly deploy which could expose the worker to serious injury or death. There have been no reports of accidents or injuries associated with this issue, these products must be removed from service immediately.
To address this situation, in the interests of worker safety, 3M is launching a global stop use of the Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge and Twin-Leg Nano-Lok Wrap Back SRL devices. 3M is recalling all these devices to be repaired or replaced as soon as a solution is identified, tested and certified. Alternatively, end-users may elect to receive cash for their returned devices as described below. This stop use/recall affects all models of the Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge and Twin-Leg Wrap Back SRLs since first introduced in 2013. This stop use/recall does not affect the single-leg versions of these models. As of the date of this notice, no 3M twin-leg SRL product is approved for use over sharp or abrasive edges.
Users/Owners: Immediately stop using your Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge and Twin-Leg Nano-Lok Wrap Back SRL and take these devices out of service. Next, please go to www.NanoLokEdgeRecall.com and follow the instructions on how to return your device. As soon as a product solution is available, 3M will either repair or replace your device and return it to you at 3M’s expense. Alternatively, and only until a repair or replacement solution is available, you can return your device and elect to receive cash in the amount of $400 USD if your device was manufactured after January 1, 2017, or $200 USD if your device was manufactured before January 1, 2017. The manufacture year/month is printed on the back label of the device.
Distributors: Please contact our Customer Service department at 1-833-638-2697 or email us at email@example.com to obtain a listing of all Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge and Twin-Leg Wrap Back SRLs sold to you. If you have any of these devices in stock, please return them to 3M Fall Protection for credit at 3M’s expense. Please immediately forward this Notice to any of your customers/users who have purchased Twin-Leg Nano-Lok edge and Twin-Leg Nano-Lok Wrap Back SRLs from you with an urgent request that they read and comply with this Notice.
Please contact 3M Customer Service for assistance, additional recall information, or alternative solutions at 1-833-638- 2697 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
We sincerely apologize for any inconvenience that this situation may cause to you or your customers.
WORKING IN OUTDOOR AND INDOOR HEAT ENVIRONMENTS
Heat can be a hazard when a person works in a hot environment. Workers exposed to hot indoor or hot and humid conditions outdoor are at risk of heat related illness, especially those doing heavy work tasks or using bulky or non-breathable protective clothing and equipment. The body must get rid of excessive heat to maintain a stable internal temperature, mainly through circulating blood to the skin and through sweating. When the air temperature is close to or warmer than normal body temperature, cooling of the body becomes more difficult. Blood circulated to the skin cannot lose its heat. Sweating then becomes the main source for the body to cool itself. But sweating is effective only if the humidity level is low enough to allow evaporation, and if the fluids and salts that are lost are adequately replaced.
Indoor workplaces with hot conditions include iron and steel foundries, brick-firing and ceramic plants, glass products facilities, electrical utilities (particularly boiler rooms), bakeries, commercial kitchens, laundries, chemical plants, material handling and distribution warehouses, and many other environments.
Outdoor workplaces with in hot weather and direct sun, such as farm work, construction, oil and gas well operations, landscaping, emergency response operations, and hazardous waste site activities, also increase the risk of heat-related illness in exposed workers.
Every year, many workers become sick from occupational heat exposure, and some are fatally injured. These illnesses and fatalities are preventable. Important ways to reduce heat exposure and the risk of heat-related illness include engineering controls, such as air conditioning and ventilation, that make the work environment cooler, and work practices such as work/rest cycles, drinking water often, and providing an opportunity for workers to build up a level of tolerance to working in the heat. Employers should include these prevention steps in work site training and plans.
HEAT-RELATED ILLNESSES AND FIRST AID
HEAT STROKE, the most serious form of heat-related illness, happens when the body becomes unable to regulate its core temperature. Sweating stops and the body can no longer rid itself of excess heat. HEAT STROKE IS A MEDICAL EMERGENCY THAT MAY RESULT IN DEATH! CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY.
- Signs include : Confusion, fainting, seizures, excessive sweating or red, hot, dry skin, very high body temperature
- First Aid*: Call 911. While waiting for help: place worker in shady, cool area. Loosen their clothing and remove any outer clothing. Fan air on worker; place cold packs in armpits. Wet the worker with cool water; apply ice packs, cool compresses or ice if available. Provide the worker fluids, water preferably, as soon as possible. Stay with them until help arrives.
HEAT EXHAUSTION is the body’s response to loss of water and salt from heavy sweating.
- Signs include : Cool, moist skin and heavy sweating. Headache, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, light headedness, weakness, thirst, irritability and fast heartbeat
- First Aid* : Have worker sit or lie die in cool shady area. Give the worker plenty to water or other cool beverages to drink. Cool them down with cold compresses/ice packs. If their conditions worsen or do not improve in 60 minutes take them to a clinic or ER for a medical evaluation or treatment.
HEAT CRAMPS are caused by the loss of body salts and fluid during sweating. Low salt levels in muscles cause painful cramps. Tired muscles, those used for preforming the work, are usually the ones most affected by cramps. Cramps may occur during or after working hours.
- Signs include : Muscle spasms and pain, usually in abdomen, arms, or legs
- First Aid* : Have the worker rest in shady, cool area. They should drink water or other cool beverages. Have the worker wait a few hours before allowing them to continue strenuous work. The worker should seek medical attention if cramps do not go away.
HEAT RASH also known as prickly heat, is skin irritation caused by sweat that does not evaporate from the skin. Heat rash is the most common problem in hot work environments.
- Signs include : Clusters of red bumps on skin that often appear on neck, upper chest and folds of skin.
- First Aide* : Try to work in a cooler, less humid environment when possible. Keep the affected area dry.
*Remember, if you are not a medical professional , use this information as a guide to help workers in need.
For more information, visit www.osha.gov/workers or call OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742)